Honors Chemistry Notes
colored beakers
Final Exam Review   (key)
Units   1   2   3   4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18 UNIT RESOURCES
Unit 1: Measurement

Objectives:

1.1 Be able to correctly record measurements

 

1.2 Determine the number of significant figures in a measurement and be able to express the results of a calculation with the proper number of significant figures.

1.3 Be able to convert measurements, especially within the metric system, using dimensional analysis.

Text Sections: 1.4-1.6
 


Significant Figures Handout
Significant Figures WS I  (key)
Factor Label WS (key)




Measurement  & Significant Figs.
(ppt)   (adobe)

Factor Label   (ppt)    (adobe)

Quiz 1.1 (key)
Quiz 1.2 (key)
Quiz 1.3 (key)

Unit 2 States of Matter

Objectives:

2.1 Extract information from simple phase diagrams

2.2 Extract Information from heating/cooling curves.  Label the parts of a heating curve and be able to explain each segment in terms of potential and kinetic energy of the particles. Explain the difference between sensible and latent heat

2.3 Describe each of the states of matter and phase changes in terms of kinetic energy, potential energy, and particle spacing.


Unit Sheet

Worksheets
    States of Matter WS (key)
    Heating Curve WS (key)
    Phase Diagram WS (key)

Heating Curve Explanation
    (instructions)   (graph)


  Resources for Sensible and Latent Heat
        -What is the difference between sensible and latent heat?
         -Relationship between sensible and latent heat

Discussions:
States of Matter
(ppt)  (adobe)

Quiz 2.1 and 2.2  (key)
Quiz 2.3 (key)


Tutorials, Activities & Practice Tests:
Particle Model
Behavior of Matter
Unit 3: : Reaction Rate

3.1 Be able to relate the collision model to variables and their effect on reaction rate.

 3.2 Use an energy diagram to determine thermodynamics of a reaction (endothermic vs. exothermic, ∆E, activation energy). Explain graphically the concept of activation energy.

 3.3 Understand the role of catalysts in depletion of the ozone layer.

3.4 Understand the basic function of a catalytic converter on an automobile

Unit Sheet


Worksheets:
Reaction Rate WS 1
Reaction Rate WS 2
Ozone WS
Catalytic Converter Worksheet

Resources
How Catalytic Converters Work
Ozone Depletion Comic
Ozone Depletion Article


Labs:

Baking Soda & Vinegar Lab
Catalyst Lab
 
Catalyst Data Analysis
Simulation Lab




Discussions:


Intro to Reaction Rate (Baking Soda & Vinegar Prelab)

Reaction Rate and Catalysts

Ozone Hole

Tutorials:
Reaction Rate

Quiz 3.1   (Key)
Quiz 3.2   (Key)
Quiz 3.3   (Key)
Quiz 3.4   (Key)

 Unit 4: Types of Matter
Unit Objectives

4.1 Distinguish between physical and chemical properties and changes.

4.2 Understand the difference between elements, compounds, and mixtures. Identify common substances as elements, compounds or mixtures.

4.3 Identify metals, nonmetals, and metalloids based on an element’s position on the periodic table. Identify an element as a metal, nonmetal, or metalloid based on its properties.

4.4 Locate alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, halogens, noble gases, transition metals, actinides and lanthanides on the periodic table. Be familiar with basic properties of these groups.

4.5 Given a mixture, propose a reasonable method for separating its components and explain why the method is appropriate.



Handouts:
Matter Classification Diagram

Extra Practice Worksheets:
ECM WS page 1
ECM WS page 2
Periodic Table WS
Physical /Chemical Change



Activities:

Parts of the Periodic Table
Paperclip Activity


Resources:
Mendeleev Reading
  Types of Matter 
     (ppt)   (adobe)
Intro to the Periodic Table 
     (ppt)   (adobe)
Periodic Table to mark up while watching vodcast


Tutorials, Activities & Practice Tests:
Atoms and Elements
Compounds and Mixtures


Animations:
Filtration
Chromatography
Distillation


Quizzes
Quiz 4.1    (key)
Quiz 4.2    (key)
Quiz 4.3    (key)
Quiz 4.4    (key)
Quiz 4.5    (key)
Unit 5: The Atom

5.1 Identify key scientists and explain how their discoveries contributed to development of the model of the atom.

 5.2 Distinguish between protons, neutrons, and electrons and be able to describe the composition of an atom, isotope, and ion of any particular element in terms of these subatomic particles.

 5.3 Calculate the atomic weight (average atomic mass) of an element from the relative abundances and masses of its naturally occurring isotopes

Unit Sheet

Worksheets:
   Isotopes WS (key)
   Average Mass WS  (key)
   Mass Spec. WS (key)

 Tutorial on mass spectrometry data

3-way Venn Diagram
   Atomic Theory Intro
         (ppt)     (adobe)

Atoms, Molecules, Ions
         (ppt)     

Isotopes & Mass spec
   (ppt)     (adobe)


Quizzes
Quiz 5.1   (key)
Quiz 5.2   (key)
Quiz 5.3   (key)
Unit 6 Intro to stoichiometry

Objectives:

6.1 Be able to inter convert between moles, mass, and number of particles of an element

6.2 Calculate the molar mass of a compound from its chemical formula. Be able to inter convert between moles, mass, and number of particles of a compound

 6.3 Calculate the percentage composition of a compound form its formula.

6.4 Calculate the empirical formula of a compound from percent composition data.

6.5 Calculate the molecular formula of a compound from the empirical formula and molecular weight.

Unit Sheet

Worksheets:
Moles 1 (key)
Moles 2 (key)

Percent Composition w/key
Empirical & Molecular Formulas with answers
  Quizzes
Quiz: molar mass and percent composition   (key)

Quiz: grams/moles/particle conversions   (key)

Quiz: Empirical and Molecular Formulas   (key)
Unit 7:  Electrons

Objectives

7.1 Identify key scientists and explain how their discoveries contributed to development of the quantum model.

 

7.2 Understand the concept of quantized atom and its relationship to line spectra of atoms. Be able to compare and contrast Bohr’s model with Schrodinger’s model.

7.3 Describe the quantum numbers as to how they define electron orbitals. Describe the shapes of the orbital types. Be able to draw orbital notations for neutral atoms with atomic numbers less than 36.

 

7.4 Be able to write electron configurations for any neutral atom using the periodic table with the knowledge of the s, p, d, f blocks.



Worksheets
   -Electron Configuration
       WS1  (key)
   -Electron Configuration
       WS2  (key)


Activities
   -Hog Hilton  
   -Hog Hilton Connections Summary

Concept Map Instructions & Rubric

   Quantum Model
          (ppt)      (adobe)
 
Electron  Configurations 1 & 2
          (ppt)       (adobe)
   Periodic Table for E. Configs. 2
   

Problem Sets for ReTest
7.1 & 7.2  worksheet
7.3 & 7.4   worksheet
Unit 8:  Periodicity

Objectives

8.1 Describe the variations of atomic radii in the groups and periods on the periodic table and the underlying reasons for the variations.

8.2 Describe the variations in first ionization energy in the groups and periods on the periodic table and the underlying reasons for the variations.

8.3 Describe and explain the observed changes in successive ionization energies for a given atom.

8.4 Write the electron configurations for ions.

8.5 Describe what happens to radius when an atom forms an ion. Be able to explain the variation in size of an isoelectronic series.




 Periodic Trends Webquest
     (Word document)

Worksheets
  Worksheet 12  (key)

  Worksheet 4-3  (key)
 
Periodic Trends  (key)
 
  





  Electron Configurations 3
           (ppt)       (adobe)

Periodic Trends
  (ppt)    (adobe)

Unit 8 Quiz  (key)
Problem Sets for Retest
Objective
8.1 &8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
Unit 9: Nomenclature

Objectives:

9.1 Compare and contrast ionic, covalent, and metallic bonds. Describe the process of bond formation for each type.

9.2 Explain electronegativity, how it varies on the periodic table, and its relationship to the nature of the bond between two atoms.

 9.3 Given the chemical formulas or names of compounds, predict whether their bonds will be more ionic or covalent in nature. Be able to write the correct name of an inorganic compound from its formula and vice versa.

 
Bonding Comparison Chart
  
Ion Sheet

In class WS   (key)
  
Naming Compounds WS's
      WS1  (key)
      WS2  (key)
      WS3  (key1   key2)
      WS4  (key)
      WS5 & key
      WS6  (key)
  Intro to Bonding
   (ppt)    (adobe)
Naming Compounds
    (ppt)    (adobe)
Assignments for Retest
Worksheet for objective 2
Objective 1 and 3 to be done in my room before or after school

 Unit 10 has been moved to the end of the semester


   

Unit 11: Double Replacement Reactions

Objectives:

11.1 Be able to balance chemical equations.

11.2 Write balanced chemical equations from word descriptions.

 11.3 Predict the products and write balanced equations for double replacement (precipitation) reactions.

 11.4 Using solubility rules, predict if a precipitate forms in a double replacement reaction.

 11.5 Predict the ions that an electrolyte dissociates into. Write complete ionic equations for double replacement reactions.

 11.6 After constructing complete ionic equations, be able to identify spectator ions and write the net ionic equations.



Worksheets
Balancing Equations 1
Balancing Equations 2  (key)
Double Replacement WS
Net Ionic Equation WS1
Net Ionic Equation WS2
WS 9-1 


   
Assignments for Retest
11.1 & 2 Worksheet
11.3 & 4 Net Ionic Equations WS1 (Rework and check answers with key in classroom)
Unit 12: Acids and Bases

Objectives:

12.1 List general properties that characterize acidic and basic solutions. Identify household and common industrial applications of acids and bases.

 12.2 Demonstrate a qualitative understanding of the pH scale.

 12.3 Write formulas of acids given the acid’s name

 12.4 Identify substances as acids, bases, and salts. Predict to some extent whether a substance will be a strong electrolyte, weak electrolyte, or nonelectrolyte. Predict the ions that an electrolyte dissociates into.

 12.5 Predict the products and write balanced molecular, complete ionic and net ionic equations for acid-base reactions.

12.6 Demonstrate understanding of the causes and effects of acid rain.




Worksheets:
Properties and uses of acids and bases page 1  2  3  4
Acid Formulas
Acid-base reaction
Acid Rain Cartoon Analysis

***Unit 12 Quizzes    (Key)
Chemguy Vodcasts :
Properties of acids & bases
Acids-Bases Intro (ppt)
Unit 13: Bonding and VSEPR

Objectives:

13.1 Be able to show ionic bond formation using Lewis symbols.

 13.2 Be able to draw Lewis structures for covalent bonds between atoms—single, double, and triple covalent. Write correct Lewis structures for any simple molecule or ion even when there is an exception to the octet rule.

 13.3 Predict the relative polarities of bonds between any two atoms from their electonegativities or their positions on the periodic table.

13.4 Relate the number of electron domains in the valence shell of an atom to the geometric arrangement of electrons around the atom. Predict the molecular shape of a molecule or ion from its Lewis structure.

Handouts
Lewis Structures Procedure
VSEPR Table
Molecular Polarity

Worksheets
Electronegativity
Intro to Lewis Structures
Lewis Structures
VSEPR WS
Polarity WS (this is not a separate WS) Identify the polarity of the compounds in the Lewis Structures WS

Unit 13  (ppt)   (adobe)

NOTE: Vodcasts are titled for "Unit 7" but cover Unit 8 topics

Part 1 is bonding and lewis structures
Part 2 is VSEPR and molecule polarity
Unit 14: Intermolecular Forces

Objectives:

14.1 Predict, from its molecular shape and the electonegativities of the atoms involved, whether a molecule is polar (has a dipole).

14.2 Predict the type of solid (ionic, molecular, metallic, or covalent network) a substance is, and the properties it has because of this.

 14.3 For molecular substances, describe the types of intermolecular forces and be able to state the type expected for a substance knowing its molecular structure.

 14.4 Know the meaning of viscosity, surface tension, capillary action, boiling point and melting point and how they relate to the intermolecular force.

Handouts:
Intermolecular Forces


Worksheets:
Properties and IMF WS 1  (key)

IMF WS  (key)

WS 7.5 Properties and IMF (key at end of file)






Unit 14 Quiz

Intermolecular Forces (ppt)
Unit 15 & 17: Redox Reactions / Stoichiometry-mass

Objectives:

15.1 Predict the products and write balanced equations for single replacement, synthesis, decomposition, and combustion reactions.

17.1 Find the mass of any substance in a chemical reaction from the mass of one substance.

17.2 Determine the limiting reactant (limiting reagent) in a reaction and then calculate the amount of each product and the mass of the excess reactant left over.


Worksheets:
Reaction Type Review I & II
Predicting Products  (key)

Extra Practice

Decomposition & Synthesis
Single Replacement
Combustion
Oxidation Reduction Problems

Quizzes:
Quiz 15.1    (key 1) (key 2)
Quiz 17.1   (key)
Quiz 17.2   (key)
  NOTE: the last part of the vodcast that deals with oxidation numbers may be omitted
Unit 16: Gas Laws

Objectives:

16.1 Describe properties of gases compared to other physical states. Understand the kinetic molecular theory. Define common units of gas pressure.

16.2 Describe how gases respond to changes in V, n, P, and T. Calculate the value of one variable given changes in the others.

16.3 Be able to work problems using the ideal gas equations.

 16.4 Be able to calculate molar mass from gas density and vice versa.





Gases 1
Gases 2